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2 edition of Subcategorization, constituent order and the notion head found in the catalog.

Subcategorization, constituent order and the notion head

Gerald Gazdar

Subcategorization, constituent order and the notion head

by Gerald Gazdar

  • 17 Want to read
  • 28 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementG. Gazdar and G. Pullum.
ContributionsPullum, GeoffreyK.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16436971M

Sag's book, German in Head-driven Phrase-structure Grammar is editorially poor: typos and incorrect referencing of examples abound. The topics covered by Polland and Sag (henceforth P&S) include. On the Placement and Morphology of Clitics [Aaron Halpern]. Using data from a variety of languages, this book investigates the place of clitics in the theory of language structure, and their implications for the relationships between syntax, morpholo.

c-selection and head-government, and in §3 I propose a formal sense of dependency which accounts for the failure of certain constituents to enter into anaphoric relations in tree structures. 1. Subject and Predicate I have adopted the term NEXUS from the great Danish linguist Otto Jespersen (his use of the term is discussed in more detail in. certainly broadens up the notion of what is considered a constituent in the language and it also has fewer exceptions. Hawkins also said that there is no single principle responsible for the linear order of the head and dependent. This is the best part of his proposal and it must be examined carefully.

4 Constituent structure Introduction Yagua head-marking PP ‘in the canoe’ Swahili head-marking clause in () This book is an introduction to the basic concepts of syntax and syntactic analysis. Syntax is a central component of human language. Language has often been. features. This extension allows aspects of natural language such as agreement and subcategorization to be handled in an intuitive and concise way. Section introduces the notion of feature systems and the generalization of context-free grammars to allow features.


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Subcategorization, constituent order and the notion head by Gerald Gazdar Download PDF EPUB FB2

In linguistics, subcategorization denotes the ability/necessity for lexical items (usually verbs) to require/allow the presence and types of the syntactic arguments with which they co-occur.

The notion of subcategorization is similar to the notion of valency, although the two concepts (subcategorization and valency) stem from different traditions in the study of syntax and grammar. A Note on Subcategorization, Constituent Order, and the Notion "Head." Gazdar, Gerald; Pullum, Geoffrey K.

The authors of a previous paper on aspects of generalized phrase structure grammar respond to criticism of Subcategorization paper and clarify elements in the discussion. A collection of papers on linguistics includes: "Italian Comparatives of Inequality with 'Che' and 'Di'" (Adrian C.

Battye); "A Note on Passives in GPSG [Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar]" (Robert D. Borsley); "Reduplicated Constructions in Chinese and Questions of Generative Power" (Jonathan Calder); "A Note on Subcategorization, Constituent Order, and the Notion 'Head'" (Gerald Gazdar Author: S.

Harlow, A. Warner. Zwicky on heads1 - Volume 23 Issue 1 - Richard A. Hudson. An interesting development in the last decade or so has been the increasing use that theoretical linguists have made of the notion ‘head’ – or rather, in order not to beg the question, of notions to which they have given the name ‘head’.Cited by:   This book applies the highly constrained grammatical framework of Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar of the syntax of German, focusing on the complex interaction of word order phenomena and constituent structure.

Uszkoreit modifies and extends this framework to permit the adequate treatment of partially free word order as it occurs in German. Abstract.

The notion of a phrase structure grammar first came to the attention of the linguistic community with the publication in of Syntactic Structures, wherein Noam Chomsky asserted that phrase structure grammars were inadequate for linguistic went on to argue for a model of linguistic structure in which the constituent structure trees produced by a phrase structure.

Subcategorization in syntax. Chomsky's Locality Condition on subcategorization. The notion "head" Complements and adjuncts. Head-initial vs. head-final languages.

Movement. Movement as "internal merge" wh-movement. Topicalization. V-to-C movement. Patterns of pronunciation (overt, covert, split) Verb-second. The notion "parameter" Movement and. For one thing, it is seen that constituent order in languages is not necessarily global: a pair of constituents may have one order in one rule, but a different one in another rule, which contradicts ECPO (for problems with GPSG treatment of so called "complex fronting" in German, cf.

Uszkoreit ). Crain, S. and J. Fodor: (in press), ‘How can Grammars Help Parsers?’, in D. Dowty, L. Karttunen and A. Zwicky (eds.),Papers on Natural Language Parsing, to. 4 Head, Complements, and Modifiers 49 Projectionsfrom Lexical Heads to Phrases 49 Internal vs.

External Syntax 49 Notion of Head, Complements, and Modifiers 50 Differencesbetween Complementsand Modifiers 52 PS Rules, X -Rules, and Features 55 Lexiconand Feature Structures 62 Feature Structures and Basic. Gazdar, Gerald and Geoffrey K. Pullum () Subcategorization, constituent order, and the notion 'head'.

In Michael Moortgat, Harry van der Hulst, and Teun Hoekstra, editors: The Scope of Lexical Rules, – Foris, Dordrecht, Holland. Also in Linguistic Society of Korea, editors: Linguistics in the Morning Calm, – Hanshin.

Ava told Sara to read a book. This can be generalized into a rule that holds across English, X ≺ Y P {\displaystyle X\prec YP}, where X is the head of any phrase and YP is its complement.

Non-ID/LP Grammars are unable to make such generalizations across the whole grammar, and so must repeat ordering restrictions for each individual context. Comprising eleven studies on languages with designated structural topic and focus positions, this volume includes an introduction surveying the empirical and theoretical problems involved in the description of this language type.

Focusing on languages outside the traditional Indo-European group, the essays look at Chadic, Somali, Basque, Catalan, Old Romance, Greek, Hungarian, Finnish, Korean.

Subcategorization, constituent order, and the notion `head'. The scope of lexical rules, ed. by Michael Moortgat, Harry van der Hulst, and Teun Hoekstra, ­ Dordrecht: Foris.

Subcategorization, Constituent Order, and the Notion 'Head'" (Gerald Gazdar, Geoffrey K. Pullum); "Constituent Structure in Text-Copying" (Patrick D.

Griffiths); "Gaps in Generalised Phrase Structure. Thus, underspecification of word order during constituent structure building and a subsequent linearization process allow for efficient processing and help to ensure fluent speech.

Recently, two papers reported experimental evidence supporting the notion of a linearization process (Hartsuiker et al.,Vigliocco and Nicol, ). The surface word order order in Yes/No questions can be derived by I-to-C movement.

This interacts correctly with the optionality of main clause do as in (14) a. You want a pony. You do want a pony. We have been assuming, in the interest of a simpler and more uniform theory, that examples like 14a have an empty inflection node.

malism of Head Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) (Pollard and Sag, ), which is based on the notion of head and makes available the feature sharing mechanism we need.

The paper is organized as follows. Section 2 gives a brief description of ba-sic data and discusses some constraints and avail-able structures.

Section 3 summarizes. You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.

Gazdar, Gerald & Geoffrey K. Pullum () Subcategorization, constituent order, and the notion ‘head’. In Michael Moortgat, Harry van der Hulst, and Teun Hoekstra (eds.), The. Question 3 in the homework asks you to compare Tshangla with the table of word-order correspondences discovered by Joseph Greenberg.

The table is given in the Tom Payne reading (also below): Look at the following Russian data, and Describe the various head and complement orders in the various syntactic constituents illustrated.A base rule theory of Afrikaans synthetic compounding / Rudolf P.

Botha --Quantification and the lexicon / David R. Dowty --Subcategorization, constituent order, and the notion "head" / Gerald Gazdar and Geoffrey K.

Pullum --General and restricted agreement phenomena / Steven G. Lapointe --Morphological conversion within a restrictive theory of.Subcategorization frames are sets of subcategorization rules that apply for a wide range of cases, i.e., that are regular.

When to use subcategorization frames Subcategorization frames are used in case of valent words whose syntactic needs follow a general rule, i.e., whenever there can be stated a regular pattern for generating constituents.